Pigs and Livelihood

Backyard piggery is a common practice for most household in rural Nagaland mostly for domestic consumption during festivals or sold to meet cash requirement during emergencies. Mrs. Keku-u from Lasumi village in Phek district says “Meat is an integral part of a Naga meal”. She started rearing pigs since 1996 and tried to manage the unit by cleaning the sty every day and feeding the pig on time. She spent considerable time and resources in managing her piggery unit but the growth of the animal was slow and bought little profit.

She expresses “I am a hardworking farmer and I have carried out various types of farming all by myself and struggled with consecutive failures. However, the rigorous training programmes and step by step interventions provided by CWWS made a huge difference in my life and family. It gave us a ray of new hope and today I can confidently rely on piggery as our family’s prime source of income.”

In 2017, she was selected to rear a breeding boar and received support from CWWS and NEIDA to construct a semi-concrete pigsty and also partial support to purchase a breeding boar piglet. She added that she was reluctant to rear a boar as people had stopped rearing sows which meant that the services of her boar would not be utilized for breeding; however with the introduction of the piggery project in her village and promotion of rearing breeding sows, rearing a breeding boar became a viable income generating activity as the demand for using the services of her boar for mating increased. Today, in addition to the boar she is rearing two fatteners and one breeder sow. Her family now earn an annual income of Rs. 2.5 lakhs from her piggery operations.

Piggery has now become a major income source for her family and the additional income has particularly been a boon for children’s education besides meeting their other household needs. “Today, we can afford to pay our children school fees and meet their basic needs. Our annual income is increasing every year and we also have some savings which we are investing for the expansion of the piggery business”.

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